While Apple documented how to customize the TouchBar, a macadmin or intrepid user may want to configure it via CLI tools.
The following is a brief overview on how to quickly set these defaults.
The Control Strip
The Control Strip is the persistant, right area of the Touch Bar. You can customize four quick use actions.
You can customize it through System Preferences -> Keyboard -> Customize Touch Bar
Once there, a GUI overlay will be displayed, allowing you to drag the desired customization directly to the Touch Bar.
How to configure the Control Strip
As of 10.12.1, these are the following values you can configure.
I think they are fairly easy to comprehend, so I will not be detailing each value.
You can customize up to four buttons here and even deploy zero button.
The preference file is located at
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd"> <plist version="1.0"> <dict> <key>MiniCustomized</key> <array> <string>com.apple.system.do-not-disturb</string> <string>com.apple.system.media-play-pause</string> <string>com.apple.system.sleep</string> <string>com.apple.system.volume</string> </array> <key>last-messagetrace-stamp</key> </dict> </plist>
The order of the strings are important as they correspond to each of the four items. If you want to change the right icon, change the bottom string.
If you want to deploy a single item, just deploy a single string inside the array.
Option 1 – Yucky UNIX command
Use this method to quickly set the default values for your users. This could be a
login-once script via outset or something similar.
Just know that by using this truly terrible method, a California macadmin loses their wings.
In the userspace:
defaults write ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.controlstrip MiniCustomized '(com.apple.system.do-not-disturb, com.apple.system.media-play-pause, com.apple.system.sleep, com.apple.system.screen-lock )'
Option 2 – Apple Approved Profile
By installing a profile on your devices, you can force a configuration for all users of the TouchBar.
While this might be an “Apple approved” management process, it is clunky for the following reasons:
* The GUI does not inform the user that their TouchBar is being managed.
* The user can customize their TouchBar on top of the management, but after a reboot or logout/login, it will be re-configured per the profile.
* If you attempt to only manage one item in the Control Strip, it will still manage the entire
key and the user will be limited to one single item.
If you would like a profile example, you can find one here. This example configures the ControlStrip in the exact way as the yucky UNIX command.
While your mileage may vary, you could configure the profile to use a
Set-Once value versus a
Forced value. This will be similar to a
defaults write however it is not gauranteed to work.
For an example profile, see here.
Option 3 – Chef dynamic profiles.
This is my preferred option as you can manage the configuration of the profile, while also extending the attributes to your userbase.
A user could configure all of their machines with the following chef code:
# Configure MiniBar for DND, Play/Pause, Sleep, & Screen Lock node.default['cpe_controlstrip']['MiniCustomized'] => [ 'com.apple.system.do-not-disturb', 'com.apple.system.media-play-pause', 'com.apple.system.sleep', 'com.apple.system.screen-lock' ]
Please note that this requires the cpe_controlstrip cookbook, which you can find here
In this example we would want to remove all current Control Strip items and replace them with just a single item – the screen lock.
defaults write ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.controlstrip MiniCustomized '(com.apple.system.screen-lock)' killall ControlStrip
Your users would then be left with the following:
If you have not noticed, in all examples, there are four values set. This is because there are exactly four “buttons” you can customize. Make sure that whichever mechanism you deploy has all four values configured.
While some macadmins hate over-managing configurations, there is some benefits to this approach:
1. You can now configure a shortcut key to instantly lock your devices. Your security team may love this.
2. Some users may never know or care to customize their Control Strip. This at least allows you to be consistent.
3. More than likely you know what’s best for your company, not Apple.